Rafael Lodos

¿La tolerancia holandesa constituye un obstáculo para la verdadera aceptación de las minorías?

Los hombres homosexuales tienen prácticamente los mismos derechos legales que los heterosexuales y, por lo tanto, son formalmente aceptados. Sin embargo, mi experiencia personal me ha enseñado que la aceptación social de la homosexualidad muchas veces depende de numerosas condiciones.
Netherlands, Western Europe

Story by Hugo Oms. Edited by Mira Kinn. Translated by Natalia Estrada
Published on March 1, 2022.

This story is also available in GB de it kr nl tr



Esta semana, el periódico nacional holandés "NRC" publicó un artículo sobre los comentarios racistas que han encontrado los ciudadanos holandeses con orígenes chinos desde el brote del coronavirus. Wendy Zeng, una estudiante holandesa de medicina cuyos padres son chinos, cuenta sobre la vez en que dos niños tosían mientras le gritaban "corona" en el autobús. La emisora de radio "Radio 10" también creó una canción de carnaval en la que cantan "los chinos apestosos tienen la culpa", y alguien manchó con excremento un apartamento de Wageningen con el texto "muerte a los chinos". Wendy se ha sorprendido por el racismo que ha experimentado a nivel nacional desde el estallido del coronavirus y concluye que los holandeses se esconden detrás de su noción sobre la tolerancia.  Wendy explica: "Los holandeses aparentemente "toleran" cualquier cosa que difiera de la norma. Al parecer, las personas chinas se desvían de esta norma. Eso es un problema en sí mismo. La tolerancia constituye un obstáculo para la aceptación". Esto me hizo preguntarme: ¿los holandeses realmente se esconden detrás de su noción de tolerancia y esto constituye un obstáculo para la verdadera aceptación de las minorías?

Como hombre homosexual holandés, ciertamente estoy de acuerdo con lo que dice Wendy. Los hombres homosexuales tienen prácticamente los mismos derechos legales que los heterosexuales y, por lo tanto, son formalmente aceptados. Sin embargo, mi experiencia personal me ha enseñado que la aceptación social de la homosexualidad muchas veces depende de numerosas condiciones. A lo largo de mi vida, me han dicho incontables veces que soy un gran tipo "para ser homosexual" porque no soy tan "extravagante" o "femenino". En numerosas ocasiones también me insultaron en la calle y me expulsaron de un club nocturno en Róterdam con mi exnovio porque no querían a "homosexuales besándose" dentro de su club. Nos dijeron que si queríamos ponernos cariñosos deberíamos ir a un bar gay. La aceptación de la comunidad lgbtqia+, por lo tanto, parece depender de ciertas normas de comportamiento (género): tienes permitido ser homosexual, siempre y cuando no seas demasiado femenino o extravagante o que no lo demuestres demasiado en público. En ese sentido, mi homosexualidad parece ser tolerada, pero definitivamente no siempre es aceptada. 

¿Significa esto que la tolerancia holandesa constituye un obstáculo para la verdadera aceptación de las minorías en los Países Bajos? Realmente creo que sí. Como Wendy ya aclaró, la palabra "tolerancia" implica que un grupo se desvíe negativamente de cierta norma. El concepto, por lo tanto, pone énfasis en estas diferencias. No me malinterpreten: los Países Bajos se componen de una gran diversidad de personas que los perciben como su hogar. Sin embargo, me pregunto si estos diferentes grupos viven juntos o uno cerca del otro. Debido a nuestra sociedad multicultural y a la protección legal de las minorías holandesas, a menudo se asume que la emancipación de las minorías está "completa". Puede ser que la igualdad legal de las minorías y la enorme diversidad de personas nos haya hecho perder de vista la necesidad de superar y aceptar nuestras diferencias sociales en lugar de simplemente "tolerarlas". Por lo tanto, debemos cambiar nuestro enfoque de la tolerancia a la aceptación. Porque mientras personas como Wendy sigan enfrentando comentarios discriminatorios, la emancipación de las minorías holandesas parece lejos de estar completa.


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Hugo Oms

Hugo Oms

I’m Hugo, a Dutch 25-year old student who is in the final phases of his study ‘International Development Studies’ in Wageningen. I’m about to start my internship at the green left political party in the Hague which I’m really excited about! In my spare time I like to do sports (crossfit and running), to meet and go out with friends, and I love to travel.

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