Photos taken by Janina in an alley in Eisenbahnstraße. The graffiti in the left snapshot says ‘Nobody has the right to obey.’

La storia di due paesi: Seconda parte

Le differenze percepite tra Germania dell’est e Germania dell’ovest non derivano solamente dalla separazione dopo la Seconda guerra mondiale, ma anche dagli eventi dopo l’unificazione. Nonostante l’unità sia un lodevole traguardo, accettare le differenze porterebbe eventualmente ad un livello superiore.
Germany, Western Europe

Story by Janina Cymborski. Translated by Giovanna Luisetto
Published on July 12, 2022.

This story is also available in GB br de es kr ru tr



Il 3 ottobre è festa nazionale in Germania, la data della Ri-Unificazione nel 1990. Invece, molti tedeschi dell’est commemorano gli eventi dell’autunno del 1989. A Lipsia, festeggiamo il 9 Ottobre del 1989, quando 70,000 persone dimostrarono pacificamente per un paese libero, temendo di dover affrontare lo stesso destino dei propri compagni in piazza Tienanmen in Cina. Cecchini erano ovunque sopra i tetti, controllando, aspettando l’ordine di sparare. Ma quell’ordine non arrivò mai. Le preoccupazioni che la mia famiglia ed altri ebbero guardando quelle dimostrazioni erano reali.

Essendo nata a Lipsia e vivendo ancora lì, partecipo alle celebrazioni del 9 ottobre, camminando per la città con centinaia di altre persone, tenendo in mano candele, ascoltando da altoparlanti slogan della gente dal 1989. Con le lacrime agli occhi, guardo il video di apertura dei confini di Berlino del 9 Novembre, 1989 — un mese dopo la dimostrazione di Lipsia. Mi sorprendo delle espressioni sulle facce delle persone libere. Come ci si deve sentire ad essere finalmente liberi dopo essere stati confinati per una vita intera? Penso alla mia famiglia e alla vita che hanno dovuto vivere, la vita che ero destinata a vivere senza l’eroismo di queste persone. Dopo il 1989, io e la mia famiglia potevamo lasciare il paese ed essere parte di un nuovo mondo libero con nuova consapevolezza e opinioni.

Ma ciò non significa che devo automaticamente sottostare ad un nuovo ordine sociale. L’importanza di mettere in discussione l’ordine esistente è la lezione più importante che ho imparato dalla rivoluzione del 1989. È esattamente perché non sono nata in un paese libero che per me libertà è l’opposto dell’osservanza. Libertà è trovare le mie risposte alle domande più importanti: chi sono, chi voglio diventare e che tipo di vita voglio vivere? Ciò che separa gli Ossi dai Wessi è la visione che nessun ordinamento sociale è scolpito nella pietra e pertanto può essere cambiato (come mostra il mio certificato di nascita, emesso da un paese che non esiste più).

Oggi la mia famiglia è ancora disoccupata e i soldi sono ancora un problema. La RDT fa ancora parte delle nostre vite, non solo dei nostri ricordi. L’avere vissuto in due sistemi ha insegnato ai miei genitori la strada più difficile. La loro bontà è stata sfruttata molte volte. Siamo dovuti ripartire da zero in un mondo in rovina. Vedo che I miei genitori rimpiangono il senso di appartenenza che hanno perso e che io non ho mai avuto. Nella Germania dell’est, facevano parte di una comunità di persone che stavano sulla loro stessa barca. A dirla tutta, la comunità della RDT era spesso coercitiva, caratterizzata da una dipendenza reciproca: ”Lavoro nell’amministrazione, se ti aiuto a trovare un appartamento, puoi farmi avere una bicicletta per mio figlio?” la comunità era necessaria per sopravvivere, per sostenere la famiglia, per gestire la crisi onni-presente. Era andare d’accordo, non andare oltre. Ma la mia necessità è la cooperazione con gli altri, perché sei sempre con gli altri. Nel 1990, abbiamo perso aiuto e  collaborazione, a favore di ricchezza e profitto alle spese altrui. L’unificazione era una benedizione e una maledizione. Molto è stato vinto, forse più di quello che avessi mai potuto immaginare. Ma credo che una certa umanità sia andata persa – l’unica cosa che conta veramente in circostanze estreme.

Leggi qui la prima parte della storia di Janina.


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Janina Cymborski

Janina Cymborski

Born in East Germany, I still live here, enjoying the freedom of an unconventional life I did not really plan on having. After college, I worked in the travel industry in various positions in sales and at one point I decided that it was not enough. I quit and went back to university. I will be doing my master’s degree in political science hopefully next year and apart from that engage in various activities. I learn Arabic and vice versa support others learning German. I volunteer for different projects, both here in Leipzig and Europe-wide. I lack money, sometimes employment, and certainly I could have chosen an easier path. But so be it. I obviously took the road less travelled  and I hope it will one day make all the difference. As Rosa Luxemburg put it: Those who do not move, do not notice their chains.

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