Diálogo con Refugiados en Noruega

Las políticas antirrefugiados están en alza alrededor de todo el mundo, pero nosotros podemos contrarrestar estas tendencias al atrevernos a hacerle preguntas a las personas sobre las que hablamos.

Story by Lene Mortensen. Translated by Leonardo Ismael Pérez Correa
Norway, Northern Europe
Published on May 12, 2020

Reading time: 3 minutes

This story is also available in GB de tr



“Hablen con nosotros, no a nosotros, y definitivamente, no hablen por nosotros.”

Esas fueron las palabras de Rouba Mhaissen, una defensora de los derechos humanos ayudando a refugiados Sirios in el Líbano. Sus palabras se me quedaron grabadas. Globalmente, las discusiones sobre refugiados son cada vez más politizadas. Esto es evidente en Noruega, donde los defensores de los refugiados demandan que el país acepte familias de campos de refugio Griegos, mientras que partidos políticos de derecha aseguran que aceptar migrantes incentivará a más refugiados a venir a Europa. Como facilitadora de encuentros entre estudiantes Noruegos y refugiados, creo que el diálogo es la clave para mitigar estas tendencias políticas. Para entender mejor las complejas situaciones de los refugiados, es vital hacer espacio para que los refugiados cuenten sus historias – especialmente a medida que el número de gente buscando refugio aumenta globalmente.

En mi rol como profesora de derechos humanos a través del diálogo en la Fundación Rafto[1] en Bergen, Noruega, ofrezco clases sobre el tema de derechos humanos y migración a estudiantes Noruegos entre las edades de 13 y 19 años. Al final de la clase de migración, le pregunto a los estudiantes qué preguntas les gustaría hacer si pudieran conocer a un refugiado. Después de escuchar sus preguntas, revelo que tenemos a un visitante: una mujer que tuvo que huir de su país y ahora reside en Noruega como refugiada. Los estudiantes pueden escuchar su historia y participar del diálogo. Hablan bastante, y están profundamente interesados en lo que ella tiene que decir. La construcción de relaciones entre desconocidos a través del diálogo es un entendimiento necesario para los ciudadanos de países que hospedan a los que han perdido su seguridad y su derechos, al menos para facilitar que defiendan los derechos de los migrantes.

Creo firmemente que la mejor herramienta para reducir la politización de los refugiados en Noruega es facilitar diálogo donde los participantes y los refugiados sean capaces de hacerse preguntas. En mi clase, he tenido la experiencia de ver como esa clase de encuentro genera un vínculo entre el estudiante y el refugiado. En este contexto, los estudiantes se encuentran con una perspectiva única, lo cual cultiva nuevas perspectivas para discusiones fuera de la sala de clase.

Las palabras de Rouba resonaron conmigo porque he observado tanto el efecto positivo de crear espacios para que los refugiados cuenten sus historias, como el efecto negativo de la peligrosa retórica que surge en los medios cuando la voz de los refugiados es silenciada. Las políticas antirrefugiados están en alza alrededor de todo el mundo, pero nosotros podemos contrarrestar estas tendencias al atrevernos a hacerle preguntas a las personas sobre las que hablamos.


Notas

[1] La fundación Rafto es una organización sin fines de lucro y no partidista dedicada a la promoción global de los derechos humanos, puede encontrar el enlace en: https://www.rafto.no/


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Lene Mortensen

Lene Mortensen

Hi, I'm Lene! I study economy and business administration at the Norwegian School of Economics in the mountainous city of Bergen. The topics of business and human rights and sustainable economics are of special interest to me, and I love to meet new people and learn more about this strange world we find ourselves in.

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